- Network Model
- Physical Media
- Wireless Media
- Network Card
- Outside Connections
- Wide Area Network Connections
- Repeaters, Bridges, Routers
- Network Types
- Token Ring
- Architecture Comparisons
- Suites and Network Layers
- Installing Drivers
- Network Operating Systems
- Applications, mail, groupware, DBMS
- Backing up the network
- Web, SNMP, admin, firewalls
- Networking Terms and Definitions
Network Protocol Categories and Definitions
First of all you should be aware of the fact, that when talking about networking you will hear the word "protocol" all the time. This is because protocols are sets of standards that define all operations within a network. They may even define how devices outside the network can interact with the network. Protocols define everything from basic networking data structures, to higher level application programs. They define various services and utility programs. The protocols are outlined in Request for Comments (RFCs). Protocols operate at one or more layers of the OSI network model. A set of protocols used for networking is called a stack.
Categories of protocols:
- Connection type
- Connection-oriented - A protocol that relies on connection establishment between two computers. Connection oriented protocols are considered to be reliable protocols since there is a check to be sure the data was received.
- Connectionless - Not relying on a connection. It is considered to be an unreliable means of communication.
- Routable - The protocol can be sent through a network router.
- Non-routable - Cannot be sent through a network router.
Three main commonly used protocol stacks
- TCP/IP - Routable protocol with more overhead is used on the internet.
- IPX/SPX - Routable medium speed protocol from Novell.
- NetBEUI - Non routable fast protocol.