Patch Management Policy
|Version: 1.00||Issue Date: 12/16/2014|
This Patch Management Policy is intended to ensure that computer software is patched in a timely manner to reduce or prevent the possibility of unwanted intrusion on organizational servers and workstations.
This Patch Management Policy is an internal IT policy which defines how often computer system updates are done and under what conditions they are done.
This Patch Management Policy is required to establish a minimum process for protecting the organizational computers on the network from security vulnerabilities. This policy shall determine how updates are done for both servers and workstations, and who is responsible for performing the updates along with specifying the tools used to perform system updates.
This Patch Management Policy applies to all computer equipment operated by the organization or functioning on the organizational network. All third parties operating computer equipment on the organizational network must have an acceptable patch management solution which is kept current and active. This policy is effective as of the issue date and does not expire unless superceded by another policy.
4.0 Update Requirement Determination
This section defines methods used to determine what updates should be done and when they should be applied.
4.1 Update Types
Several types of updates may be required on any computer and all the types should be considered for the below listed computer system components. They include:
The computer BIOS.
The operating system.
4.2 Update Checking
There are several methods to determine when updates should be performed.
Review of posted security flaws and patches for each type of update applicable to the computer system.
An automatic scanning by vendor software or use of a vendor website to scan the system to determine available updates not yet applied to the system or application.
A network intrusion scan to determine vulnerabilities to the system.
The review of posted security flaws and patches should always be used for the computer operating system, BIOS, and applications. The manufacturer website should be used and there may also be other appropriate sites posting relevant bulletins. If an automatic update ability is available, it should be compared to the listing of posted updates to be sure it is accurate.
4.3 Update Vulnerability Types
The update considerations should address vulnerabilities caused by:
Misconfigurations not covered by patches - An example would be a configuration problem with a mail server allowing non authenticated users to relay email using the mail server.
4.4 Update Information
Before approving updates, administrators should know:
The addressed vulnerability
What previous patches are required or what system update is required.
What programs are affected by the change
What may be broken by the change
How to undo the change.
It is recommended that new patches be tested in a controlled environment that mimics the infrustructure of the production environment before patches are applied. For small organizations that do not have these resources, one technique is to watch the email groups like NTBugTraq to find out what problems other organizations may be having with the patch. The disadvantage is that you may need to wait a little longer before applying the patch which may slightly increase the time your organization is vulnerable.
Be sure you have a good system and data backup before applying a patch on any system.
Each server should have documentation including a list of applications running on it and a patch history.
All patches approved for client computers or applied to client computers should be documented.
4.5 Support Procedures
To support the update requirements definition and update, the following documents should be created to provide a managed response for system updates:
A procedure for identifying vulnerabilities and patches
A procedure for documenting configuration changes.
Procedures for determining how appropriate the patch or configuration change is for each system.
Guidelines for implementing patches or configuration changes.
5.0 Server Updates
Server updates shall be done by a qualified and authorized system administrator. Updates for servers shall be checked no less than monthly to determine whether any new updates to any computer system components are required. The system administrator shall determine the following:
Whether the update applies to the computer system under consideration.
Whether the update is safe to apply or whether it make break an application or some other part of the operating system where functionality is required.
A test environment should be used to determine whether updates may break functionality prior to implementation on production environments. The ability to provide a test environment and thoroughness of determining whether any functionality is broken by the update will vary from organization to organization depending on available resources.
Server updates should be implemented in compliance with the Change Management Policy.
6.0 Workstation Updates
Workstation updates may be done using any provided tools depending on the type of workstations and their operating systems. In this policy workstation updates shall be performed using Microsoft system update server. System update server will save a great deal of time and expense since all systems may be updated from one server at the same time. All workstations shall be Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional or Microsoft Windows XP Professional. A qualified and authorized system administrator shall review available updates weekly. Normally updates shall be applied in the test environment two to three days before being applied to the main organization.
The IT Department will perform a network scan against all servers regularly according to the Network and Server Scanning Policy.
The IT Department will check servers to determine whether updates are required and implement approved updates on test systems within two weeks. Approved updates should be implemented on production systems within four weeks of their availability.
8.0 User Responsibilities
All users must be trained about the importance about having updates to their computers and the possible consequences of failure.
Users must not disable the ability of their workstation to be updated.
Users must immediately notify their Security Officer if they suspect that their workstation is not receiving updates.
Since patch management is important to maintain the security of the organizational network and prevent unauthorized data disclosure, employees that purposely violate this policy may be subject to disciplinary action up to and including denial of access, legal penalties, and/or dismissal. Any employee aware of any violation of this policy is required to report it to their supervisor or other authorized representative.
10.0 Other Requirements
Procedures for updating servers should be written in compliance with the Change Management Policy.
Auditors should periodically audit servers to be sure updates are being applied according to policy.
Auditors should audit workstations to be sure they are being updated within the designated timeframe.
Approved by:__________________________ Signature:_____________________ Date:_______________