The opinions about leadership qualities tend to vary from society to society and from age group to age group.


  1. Action
  2. Commitment
  3. Concern
  4. Counsel
  5. Decisiveness
  6. Independence
  7. Integrity
  8. Intelligence
  9. Individuality
  10. Justice and judgement
  11. Shrewdness and cunning
  12. Valor
  13. Vigilance
  14. Wisdom


Vigilance includes ability to:

  • Search for alternatives.
  • Develop contingency plans in case risks materialize.
  • Evaluate alternatives and personnel without bios.

Leadership Traits

  • Drive for task completion
  • Persistantly pursues goals
  • Takes responsibility - Accepts consequences of actions
  • Has original ideas and initiative
  • Tolerates frustration, delay and absorbs interpersonal stress.
  • Can influence others.

Leaders that initiate structure in a workgroup help to increase productivity. This is done through planning, clarification of job information, emphasizing the need to finish work. Consideration leads to satisfied employees. Good leaders must balance consideration with structure.

Leadership Styles

The following styles of leadership exist in varying forms:

Other ways of looking at leadership styles include:

Which style works best depends on the situation. Relationship leadership is best when the situation for the leader to exert influence is moderately favorable or moderately unfavorable. A task motivated leader is effective when the leadership conditions are extremely favorable or extremely poor. Consideration with provision for task descriptions and goals is advised. Obviously, it is important for managers to support their teams with tools and other requirements. How much to involve the whole group in the decision process depends on certain factors such as:

Questions to ask to help decide how much the group should be involved with decisions include:

Style of leadership is affected by organizational and subordinate characteristics which include:

Effective Managers

Effective managers must be able to:

Good managers:

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