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  1. Linux Manual
  2. Installation & Internet
  3. About the Author
  4. Content
  5. Installation
  6. Choosing a Linux Distribution
  7. Partition types
  8. Fdisk
  9. Understanding Mount Point /mnt
  10. Linux File Structure
  11. Creating a boot disk
  12. Welcome to Linux Installation
  13. Installation mode
  14. Partitioning
  15. Creating partitions with Druid
  16. Creating partitions manually
  17. Formatting Partitions
  18. Individual packages selection
  19. The root account
  20. Network configuration
  21. The time zone
  22. Configuring Services
  23. Configuring X
  24. Installing Mandrake 9.1 & 9.2
  25. Installation Class
  26. The Drake X Partitioning
  27. Package Selection
  28. Configuring X
  29. The Internet
  30. Creating a new user
  31. Getting online
  32. Configuring the connection (Dial UP)
  33. High Speed Internet
  34. DSL Modems and Cable modems
  35. Connecting DSL as DHCP
  36. Setting up a Plain Cable Modem (DOCSIS)
  37. Connecting an ISDN
  38. Using Routers
  39. Login Protocols
  40. PPPoE
  41. WAN IP Address
  42. Commercial Configuration
  43. Troubleshooting

Linux File Structure

Before we proceed with our installation I think it is a good idea to learn about Linux's file structure. The Linux file system structure is very much like an upside down tree. This tree is not difficult to understand; you will see this in details once your installation is finished.

Example:
Home = /user's Home Directory/me-you- she/he
Var = /print spool/named /logs/www
Linux File StructureFig 1.0

Preparing for the Installation

I know you can't wait to get started. So no more blah…blah… here we go! For detail purposes, I will explain the installation process of Mandrake 9.0 however the enclosed CDs are 9.1

Mandrake 9.0 is very descriptive in the installation process. Version 9.1 hides many of these features; however the process in the background is the same. For educational purposes 9.0 is perfect. I am sure that after reading this book, you will be able to install any version or distribution.

You may skip this section and go to 9.1 & 9.2 installations, but it won't hurt to read this section anyway.

Mandrake Linux 9.0 can be installed in number of ways. I will explain the two most common (and recommended) installation methods.
  • Boot directly from the Installation CD, or
  • Create a boot floppy if your computer is unable to boot from the CD
Only if your CD-ROM is bootable, insert the CD-Disk1 into the CD-ROM drive, restart the system and go straight to Welcome to Linux Installation.

If you are unable to boot from the CD-ROM, use the following procedure to create a bootable floppy disk or read "install.htm" located on the Installation CD for details.

When installing Mandrake Linux 9.0 onto a hard drive that already contains windows operating system, make a note of how much disk space is free for Linux to use. The bottom graphic shows an entire 8 GB HD, with 7.8 GB free.

Exploring My ComputerFig 1.1

To install Mandrake Linux onto a hard drive that already contains another OS; you will need to resize the existing partition to make room for Linux. This step can be performed within the installer (Mandrake 9.1), but before installing Mandrake, it is strongly recommended that you run scandisk. There are two choices you can use if you don't have free space but your hard drive is big enough.

  1. Buy a new hard drive for this installation
  2. Resize your existing partition

If you opt to install Mandrake 9.0, with resizing partition, you need to run scandisk and resize the partition with a third party utility such as Partition Magic.

Scan DiskFig 1.2

For security purposes, back-up any data that you may need before installing Mandrake Linux.