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  1. Introduction
  2. About Linux
  3. Installation and getting started
  4. Logging in and out
  5. Basic Linux Commands
  6. Linux Files and File Permissions
  7. Linux Directory Structure
  8. Finding Files
  9. Linux Help
  10. Setting Time
  11. Devices
  12. Tips
  13. Accessing Other Filesystems
  14. Accessing Removable Media
  15. Making and Managing Filesystems
  16. Emergency Filesystems and Procedures
  17. LILO and Runlevels
  18. Init
  19. Environment, Shell Selection, and Startu
  20. Linux Kernel
  21. Package Installation and Printing
  22. Configuration, Logging and CRON
  23. Keys and Terminal Configuration
  24. Sound Configuration
  25. Managing Users
  26. Passwords
  27. Process Control
  28. Configuration and Diagnostic Tools
  29. Overall Configuration
  30. Using PAM
  31. Basic Network Setup
  32. Tools and Terms
  33. Novell and Printing
  34. Inetd Services
  35. Xinetd Services
  36. Other Network Services
  37. FTP and Telnet
  38. Samba
  39. Identd (auth)
  40. X Configuration
  41. X Use
  42. Using X Remotely
  43. X Documentation
  44. DNS
  45. DHCP and BOOTP
  46. Apache
  47. NFS
  48. PPP
  49. Mail
  50. Routing
  51. IP Masquerading
  52. Proxy Servers and ipchains
  53. UUCP
  54. News
  55. NIS
  56. Network Security
  57. Secure Shell
  58. Text Processing
  59. Shell Programming
  60. Emacs
  61. VI
  62. Recommended Reading
  63. Credits

Basic Liinux Devices

The first partition on a IDE hard drive is called partition 1, and is called /dev/hda1 if the drive is the primary IDE master.

/dev/fd0 Floppy disk
/dev/hda1IDE Hard drive 1, partition 1
/dev/hdb3IDE Hard drive 2, partition 3
/dev/sda1First SCSI interface (probably hard drive), device id 1
/dev/sdc3First SCSI interface, device id 3
/dev/cdrom CD ROM drive
/dev/mouseMouse device, sometimes a pointer to another device such as /dev/psaux, a ps/2 mouse driver.

primary IDE master /dev/hda
primary IDE slave/dev/hdb
secondary IDE master/dev/hdc
secondary IDE slave /dev/hdd


The first partition on a IDE hard drive is called partition 1, and is called /dev/hda1 if the drive is the primary IDE master.