Windows NT Server Installation
Windows 95 cannot be upgraded to NT server. A migration must be performed by installing in a different directory then migrating applications to NT. Earlier versions of NT may be upgraded by selecting upgrade when installing to the same directory the original version was in.
The system partition is the active partition on an Intel based computer. On RISC computers, the active partition is chosen by firmware. NTFS partitions cannot be converted to FAT.
- Preparation - Files are copied to run a limited version of NT. Hardware is detected and the partition to install the system on is chosen.
- Information Gathering - Licensing information and name and organization name are requested. Per server or per seat licensing is chosen. The Server type is chosen:
The emergency repair disk (ERD) may be made and optional components are selected.
- Networking Setup - Type of network connection ("Wired to the Network" or "Dial-in Connection") is specified and the adapters and network protocols are installed. The domain name is specified. Extra network services are installed and IIS may also be installed.
- Completion - Time and date are set along with video mode.
Default Installed Components
- Computer browser
- Driver for NIC
- RPC name service provider
- Server service
- TCP/IP - Required for WINS.
- Workstation service
- Use a boot floppy to boot a NT supported CDROM - No hard drive partitions are required at the start of installation. The Winnt or Winnt32 /OX option is used to create the boot floppies.
- Install from unsupported CDROM directly. The installation and boot disk files are copied from the CDROM to the hard drive. There must be free space on the hard drive. DOS or Windows must be installed with drivers to use the CDROM.
- Use a floppy disk to install from the network - The Windows NT Client Administrator can be used to convert a DOS bootable floppy disk to a network boot disk. This is selected from "Programs" and "Administrative Tools". A partition must be available on the hard drive for NT installation files. Making DOS FDISK and FORMAT available from the network share helps this effort. When creating the boot disk:
The network share must be created. The installation for power PC is in the PPC directory and the I386 directory holds installation files for Intel platforms.
- The floppy type and network card must be selected.
- The computer name used can be a temporary installation name.
- The domain and user name used is the same as the account the Client Administrator was run from.
- The "NET USE" command in the autoexec.bat file must be modified to use the shared server installation files rather than the share holding the client files. The line that runs Setup at the end must be deleted.
- Install from the network directly. The installation and boot disk files are copied from the network to the hard drive. There must be free space on the hard drive. DOS or Windows must be installed with drivers to use the network.
- Network Client Administrator
- Express or Custom - Workstation provides a custom or express option which NT Server does not provide since all Server installations are custom.
An unattend answer file must be created to perform installation. Also the uniqueness database file (UDF) may be used to set username and computer name for each unique computer. The sysdiff utility may be used for further customization. Sysdiff and UDF files are documented in the Workstation Guide. The Windows NT Resource Kit documentation documents this process.
- Setup Manager (Setupmgr.exe)- A utility for making unattended installation files. This program is included on the Server CDROM in \Support\Deptools\I386. It has 3 buttons:
- General Setup - Categories:
- User information including company and product ID
- General confirms hardware and installation or upgrade selection.
- Computer Role - WS or Server, domain or workgroup, PDC or BDC or neither.
- Install directory - What directory the system will be installed to.
- Display Settings
- Time Zones
- License Mode - Per server or number per seat.
- Networking Setup
- General - Setup Manager must be used to configure networking for unattended installation. The choices are configuration during installation or from the Setup Manager.
- Adapters - Network adapters
- Services - Installed services and parameters.
- Internet - Internet services to be installed and where their data is stored.
- Modem - Modem configuration for RAS.
- Advanced Setup - One option is convert to NTFS in the "File system" tab.
The unattend.txt file should be saved with the installation files. NT may be installed as an unattended installation with a command like:
winnt /s:e:\ /u:unatt.txt /UDF:UID1,udbf1.txt
This assumes that:
- The installation files, unattend file and UDF file are mapped to the e: drive.
- The unattend file is called unatt.txt.
- The UDF file is udbf1.txt containing a user ID of "UID1".
- Computer Profile Setup - A utility for making unattended installation files.
Initial Setup Screen Options
- To learn more about Windows NT Setup before continuing, press F1.
- To setup Windows NT now, press Enter.
- To repair a damaged Windows NT version 4 installation, press R.
- To quit Setup without installing windows NT, press F3.
- License agreement
- Hardware Identification - Additional hard drives and controllers may be selected.
- File systems and partitions - Displays partition space and allows conversion of partitions to NTFS.
- NT System directory Location - Selection of the directory the system will be installed in.
- Hard disk or exhaustive secondary examination - Can do a cursory or extensive examination of the hard drive to find bad sectors.
- The graphical configuration program - The computer name can be 15 characters.
NT Version Network Installation
Default NT network protocols:
- NT3.5 Server - Uses NWLink for default network protocol
- NT3.5.1 Server - TCP/IP
- NT4.0 Server - NWLink and TCP/IP
- NT4.0 Workstation - TCP/IP
Server Configuration for Client Support on the Domain
- Windows 95 - No configuration required
- NT Workstation - Membership in the domain must be provided.
- Macintosh - Services for Macintosh must be installed on servers to support Macintosh clients.
- Remove the NTFS volume - Use the NT setup program from the three setup disks.
- Change the bootstrap program - Use the SYS utility in DOS or Windows 95 to copy the DOS or Windows 95 (DOS 7) system to the master boot record.
- Delete the NT directory
To remove NT from a FAT partition the DELTREE utility can be used to remove the WINNT directory and all its subdirectories.