Windows NT Roaming User Profiles
Roaming profiles must be replicated to all domain controllers. If a user's profile is a mandatory profile, it must be available in order for the user to logon. Use UNC name to specify path for user roaming profile. Steps to create a roaming profile:
- Create a shared folder where the user profiles will be stored.
- Assign the user profile path - The "User Manager for Domains" tool is used to create roaming profiles for users. To create the profile, double click on the username and click the "Profile" button, then set the UNC path name to the profiles directory on the server you want profiles to be stored on.
It is a good policy to store user profiles on the file server. On the client machine, a roaming profile is created using the control panel "System" applet, "User Profiles" tab. A mandatory profile is made by changing the USERNAME.DAT file to USERNAME.MAN.
User profiles are copied using the control panel system applet, user profiles tab. To copy a profile, select the profile to copy by clicking on it, then click the "Copy To" button and enter the destination.
Roaming profiles may not work well for your domain if your users logon using various computers that have different software configurations. For example, an application package may be installed in one directory on one computer and in another directory on another computer. Therefore the environment PATH variable may not be able to find the application when the user is using one of the two computers. However if a uniform network environment is set up, these drawbacks can be overcome. the guest account and accounts administrator cannot have roaming profiles.
System Policy Editor
The system policy editor can be used to override registry settings on client computers in the domain and customize user environment profiles. The following registry entries may be modified by the system policy editor:
The system policy editor can define domain system policy for all users and computers. This policy is stored on the PDC in the file:
On Windows NT servers, the System Policy Editor is used to control user profile settings. The authenticating domain controller gets system policies from the file WINNT40\SYSTEM32\REPL\IMPORT\SCRIPTS\NTCONFIG.POL. Therefore to have policies replicated to all domain controllers, place the NTCONFIG.POL file in the directory WINNT40\SYSTEM32\REPL\EXPORT\SCRIPTS.
System Policy Template Files
- COMMON.ADM - For NT and 95
- WINNT.ADM - For NT
- WINDOWS.ADM - For 95