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  1. Introduction
  2. Installation
  3. Hardware Issues
  4. Filesystems
  5. Networking
  6. Security
  7. Servers
  8. Services
  9. Utilities
  10. Control Panel
  11. Printing
  12. Performance Monitor
  13. Network Monitor
  14. Event Viewer
  15. Other Issues
  16. User Accounts
  17. Groups
  18. Policies
  19. User Rights
  20. Auditing
  21. System Policies
  22. Sharing
  23. Profiles
  24. Roaming Profiles
  25. Domains
  26. Server Management
  27. Directory Replication
  28. License Management
  29. Client Administrator
  30. Netware Tools
  31. Macintosh Support
  32. RAS Server
  33. SNMP
  34. DHCP
  35. DNS
  36. WINS
  37. Mail Service
  38. Internet
  39. Internet Information Server
  40. Routing and Firewalls
  41. Items to Remember
  42. Terms
  43. Credits

Windows NT Utilities

Administrative Wizard

This tool is found in "Administrative Tools". It can do the following and more:

  • Configure Terminal Connections
  • Add user accounts
  • Group Management
  • Managing File and Folder Access
  • Add Printer
  • Administer Terminal Server
  • Add/Remove Programs
  • Install New Modem (And remove)
  • Network Client Administrator
  • License Compliance

Client Administrator

This is used to create installation disks that can be used to install files required to bring clients on line. It only works on systems that have network adapters that are included on the Windows NT CDROM. To start "Network Client Administrator" select it from administrative tools. Two major options:

  • Make Network Installation Startup Disk
  • Make Installation Disk Set

Disk Administrator

The NT disk administrator program on the NT server has an additional menu that NTWS doesn't have called "Fault Tolerance" which is used to manage disk mirroring, stripe sets with parity, and disk duplexing.

To make a stripe set:

  1. Click on three areas of free space on three drives.
  2. From the fault tolerance menu choose "create stripe set with parity".
  3. Select the "Partition" menu, "commit changes".
  4. Reboot, then format the stripe set by highlighting the stripe set and selecting "tools", and "format".

Recovering a failed stripe set:

  1. Be sure you have proper backup to the good part of your set.
  2. Replace the failed stripe member.
  3. Select the "Faulttolerance" menu, select "Regenerate Stripe Information".

Creating a mirror:

  1. Mirroring is done by clicking on the volume to be mirrored while holding the CTRL key down.
  2. Then click on some free space of equal or greater size while the CTRL key is held down.
  3. Then click "Fault Tolerance", "mirror", and "establish mirror".
  4. To break a mirror, click on the mirror, and break.

Recovering a mirror:

  1. Be sure you have proper backup to the good part of your set.
  2. Break the mirror
  3. Replace the disk.
  4. Re-establish the mirror

Note: You may need to use a recovery boot disk to boot if your C: drive failed and your mirror has a copy of it.

Network Monitor

It is installed from the Network applet in control panel using the services tab. The service is called "Network Monitor Tools and Agent". This is not a fully functional network monitor. The tool that ships with SMS, a separate purchase, is fully functional. Network Monitor can:

  • Capture frames coming from or going to the server
  • Capture broadcast or multicasts.

This tool does not set the network card in promiscuous mode. It can be invoked from administrative tools after the install. Also there is a control panel applet installed for this tool. This tool can also detect other copies of Network Monitor running on other domain computers and what users are running it. Display sections include:

  • Bar graphs
  • Session statistics
  • Summary statistics

Captured data is saved in the default directory \WINNT_ROOT\system32\netmon\captures. A filter on the Monitor can be established to collect the frames you want. Filtering may be done based on:

  • Protocol
  • Address
  • Data Pattern

To see other users using Network Monitor, select "Identify Network Monitor Users" while in the Network Monitor program.

Once installed, there is a "Network Monitor" applet in the control panel where the password for the Network Monitor program may be set or changed.

Network Monitor panes:

  • Graph Pane
  • Session Statistics Pane
  • Station Statistics Pane
  • Total Statistics Pane

Server Manager

The server manager exists on every PDC or BDC. The server manager can configure any server on the network. The same server screen is available on the local computer using the server applet in the control panel. The global group DOMAIN ADMINS and local groups ADMINISTRATORS (on PDC), SERVER OPERATORS(on PDC), and ACCOUNT OPERATORS (on PDC) can use server manager. It can:

  • Manage domain controllers.
  • Add or remove computer accounts on the domain.
  • Can migrate non domain controllers (member servers) between domains.
  • Manage remote domains, if you have rights.
  • Synchronize the domain database
  • Promote BDC to PDC.
  • Configure the directory replication as an import or export server.
  • Manage services.
  • Can manage resources and users on local or remote computers. Can also use the Control Panel, Servers applet to manage resources on the local computer.
  • Can set up alerts.

It cannot:

  • Create shared print resources.
  • Configure SAM replication.

The local group ADMINISTRATORS and SERVER OPERATORS can manage computers along with the global groups DOMAIN ADMINS. The local group ACCOUNT OPERATORS can only add computers on the domain. If a computer path was not found when it was selected, the machine was not active. Options in computer section menu:

  • Properties
  • Shared directories
  • Services - Identical options with the Control Panel Services, but these services may be managed on remote computers.
  • Send message - Use this to send messages to users, such as, "The server is going down!". The message goes to all users connecte to the server.
  • Promote to PDC (if the server is a BDC).
  • Synchronize with PDC ( if the server is a BDC) or Synchronize entire Domain (if the server is a PDC)
  • Add to domain
  • Remove from domain
  • Select domain

Properties of various servers or clients, seen by double clicking on the computer name:

  • Sessions
  • Open Files
  • File Locks
  • Open Named Pipes

Buttons displayed on the computer properties dialog box:

  • Users - User Sessions dialog box displays information on current user connections. Descriptions include:
    • Connected Users
    • Computer - Where the user is connecting from.
    • Opens - How many resources are open.
    • Time - How long the user has been connected.
    • Idle - How long the connection has been idle.
    • Guest - Value of Yes or No indicates if the user is a guest.
    • Resource - The resources the user is using (When a user is selected).

    The "Disconnect All" button may be used to disconnect all users from the computer or the button "Disconnect" may be use to disconnect a specific user.

  • Shares - Opens the Shared Resources dialog box. Shared resources include shared directories and printers, named pipes, communications queue devices and unknown types. Dialog box entries are:

    • Sharename
    • Uses - The number of connections to the share
    • Path
    • Connected Users - A list of users connected to the selected resource.
    • Time - How long the user has been connected.
    • In Use - Yes or No
    • At the bottom the total number of users connected to the resource is listed as "Connected Users".

    The "Disconnect" and "Disconnect All" buttons allow for users to be disconnected.

  • In-Use - Resources being used such as files and printers. This opens the "Open Resources" dialog box. Dialog box entries are:
    • Opened by
    • For - Permission granted, Read, Write, etc.
    • Locks
    • Path

    The bottons "Close Resource" and "Close All Resources" allow a specific resource to be closed or all resources on the computer to be closed respectively.

  • Replication - (Exam Objective) Opens the "Directory Replication" dialog box. See the replication section for more information.
  • Alerts - Used to send administrative alerts to various users, especially administrators. The machine may be selected in addition to the user. Machines that the alert is sent to do not record the alert as an administrative alert.

User Manager for Domains


  • Set global groups users belong to.
  • Set local groups users belong to.
  • Set RAS dial in permissions.
  • Set user logon scripts.
  • Set the user profile file.
  • Does not set system policy file.
  • Set user logon restrictions.

System Policy Editor

System policy settings for all users on the domain set using the System Policy Editor are merged with local profiles. User logon restrictions are set in the user manager for domains. A policy may be set to automatically log users off during restricted logon hours.

License Manager

Used to track access to applications for purposes of licensing.

NT Diagnostics

Used to determine system resource availability such as IRQs..

Internet Service Manager

A tool used to administer internet services.


A command line tool used to send messages to all users or specific users.

Directory Replication


A command line tool. This is also known as "File Manager". This utility is started from the command line using "Start", "Run", and entering "Winfile". This utility is used to create a Macintosh acceptable volume, assign permissions, and create shares for Macintosh clients. Text boxes include:

  • Volume Name
  • Path
  • Password - Any user accessing the volume must know this password.
  • Confirm Password

Check boxes are:

  • This volume is read only
  • Guests can use this volume

Another option is user limit which can be unlimited or set to a number of users. There is also a permissions button allowing user permissions to the volume to be set. These permissions are Macintosh permissions and are more restrictive than NT permissions. Remember that Macintosh volumes cannot be nested within each other. Macintosh volumes have a primary group associated with them that can be specified using "User Manager for Domains". Also the primary group is accessable in the Directory permissions box.

Setup Manager

The run file is Setupmgr.exe. A utility for making unattended installation files. This program is included on the Server CDROM in \Support\Deptools\I386. See the section about installation for a description.

Computer Profile Setup

A utility for making unattended installation files.

Response Probe

A utility for measuring system ability. It applies specific stress to a system and observes the response.


A utility for retaining HPFS security attributes.

  • ACLCONV.EXE utility retains the security attributes of an HPFS volume used by OS/2 or a LAN Manager Server.