Next Page

  1. Introduction
  2. Capabilities
  3. Structure
  4. The Registry
  5. System and Configuration Files
  6. Security
  7. Application Support
  8. Requirements
  9. Installation
  10. Unattended Installation
  11. Booting
  12. Filesystems
  13. Programs
  14. Control Panel
  15. Tool
  16. Commands
  17. Customization
  18. Environment Variables
  19. Printing
  20. Performance
  21. System Services
  22. Permissions
  23. Groups
  24. User Rights and Auditing
  25. User Profiles
  26. Policies
  27. Network Model
  28. Resource Access
  29. Network Browsing
  30. Protocol Support
  31. RAS
  32. Networking
  33. Backups
  34. Events
  35. Error Handling
  36. Diagnostic Tools
  37. Items to Memorize
  38. Terms
  39. Credits

Windows NT Workstation Tutorial Version 0.6.0 December 1, 2000

Introduction

This guide is meant to be a reference for learning NT workstation. It does not replace the more complete MCSE study guides, but is mainly intended as a reference and review help prior to testing. Other than that, the reader may use this guide to gain familiarity with NT operation and structure. This guide assumes basic knowledge in the use of the Windows operating system environment. To use this guide, if a term is not understood, look it up on the terms page.

Design Goals Of NT

  • Compatibility - Backward compatable with previous Windows systems and applications along with limited DOS, OS/2 and POSIX programs.
  • Distributed processing - Multiple concurrent processes run. Client and server communications are supported by named pipes, remote procedure calls, NetDDE, sockets, and more
  • Modularity (extensibility) - The design of the operating system is modular (based on groups of components) which allows new capabilities to be added (the OS can be extended) as required.
  • Internationalization - Enables support of various languages by supporting the International Standards Organization (ISO) Unicode standard.
  • Networking - Supports protocols such as TCP/IP, NetBEUI, IPX/SPX (using NWLink), and DLC.
  • Portability - Allows Windows NT to run on various platforms such as those with RISC or CISC processors.
  • Reliability - Applications are run in their own memory and are unable to corrupt other applications or the system. System errors are logged.
  • Scalability - NT can run on computers with multiple CPUs sharing the same memory.
  • Security - Provides a standard security model.

NTs modular nature also allows it to run on multiple platforms.

Hardware Requirements

Windows NT 4.0 Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) specifies hardware that can be run with the NT operating system.

Network Communications Models

  1. Workgroup - Small group with mainly peer to peer communications. Its size should be 10 users or less.
    • Accounts, resources and security are not centralized.
    • Each computer maintains its own database of user accounts, group accounts, and security policy information.
  2. Domain - Computers join a domain, but users must have an account on the domain.
    • Needs one server to define the domain which is a primary domain controller (PDC)
    • The goal is to have one account, password, and logon
    • A global directory database is stored on the server
    • Administration of accounts and security is centralized.
    • There is one security policy for the domain.
    • The domain is not necessarily on one network segment.

Types of enterprise networks

Enterprise Network - Large network with servers which maintains a central database to manage user accounts and access. Four Types:

  • Single - There is one domain
  • Master - The master domain maintains the user account database. One or more other domains administer account resources. The domains that are not master, trust the master domain.
  • Multiple Master - The user database may be on more than one master domain.
  • Complete Trust - There are no master domains but each domain trusts all other domains.