Active Directory Tools
These tools are available in "Administrative Tools" after Active Directory is installed.
- Active Directory Users and Computers - Active Directory Users and Computers is a Microsoft Management Console snap-in. It is started by selecting "Start", "Programs", "Administrative Tools", and "Active Directory Users and Computers". Only members of the Domain Admins or Enterprise Admins group can use this tool. This tool is used to create, configure, locate, move, and delete objects including:
Tabs from the OU Properties dialog box:
- User (automatically published) - Domain user accounts may be copied.
- Group (automatically published)
- Computer (Those in the domain are automatically published)
- Contact (automatically published)
- Organizational Unit (automatically published)
- Shared folder
- Printer (Most are automatically published) - Windows NT shared printers are not published automatically.
- Group policy - Group policy object selections:
- Windows Settings
- Security Settings
- Public key policies
- Automatic certificate request menu items:
- Automatic Certificate Request
- Active Directory Domains and Trusts
- Active Directory Sites and Services
- DCPROMO Domain controller management tool which is run from the command line.
- LDIFDE bulk schema modification tool.
- CSVDE bulk schema update tool. Parameters:
- -? - Help
- -i - Mode for command. Choices are import, export, or modify.
- -f - File name
- -v - Verbose mode
- -p - Specify the port for the socket. The LDAP default is 389.
- Active Directory Connector (ADC) It simplifies administration among multiple directory services. The ADC can aid Windows 2000 implementations where Exchange Server is deployed. It can replicate Active Directory information, and Exchange Server 5.5 information as well. It comes with Windows 2000 and Exchange 2000. It:
- Uses LDAP to perfrom replication.
- Only replicates changes.
- Hosts all active Active Directory replication components.
- Supports multiple connections on one server.
- Maps objects for replication.
Connection agreements configure directory synchronization between Exchange and Active Directory and one or more are supported with ADC. Items used to configure a connection agreement:
- Windows 2000 Server
- Available TCP Port
- Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 or 2000.
- LDAP version 3
- Server name
- Targer containers
- Objects to be synchronized
- Synchronization schedule
- ADC requires a service user account and password.
- Put the Windows 2000 Server installation CDROM in the computer.
- Enter the directory \Valueadd\MSFT\Mgmt\ADC.
- Double click on setup.exe.
- Select the "Microsoft Active Directory Connector Service component" to install ADC and the"Microsoft Active Directory Connector Management component" to install the ability to manage the service. The Management component can be installed on Windows 2000 Professional computers to allow ADC management from them.
- Choose a directory to install the components to.
- Enter the account name and password for the service to use.
- Continue and finish the installation.
ADC Event logging levels:
- Run the Administrative tool, "Active Directory Connector (ADC) Management".
- Right click the server to configure and select "properties" to see the properties dialog box. This is used to configure connection agreements between Active Directory and the Exchange 5.5 directory service. The following tabs exist in the box:
- General - Select replication direction as "Two way", "From Exchange to Windows", or "From Windows to Exchange". Set the connection name, and the server to run the connection agreement. For slow network connections, the agreement can use Exchange Server's Site Replication Service (SRS).
- Connections - Configure the bridgehead servers to handle the connection. The servers receiving updates only require write permission. Select the Windows server name, the Windows authentication protocol, the Exchange server, The Exchange server port, and the Exchange server authentication protocol.
- Schedule - Set synchronization schedule. The registrey setting at "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINES\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\MSADC\Parameters" can be used to reduce the default polling schedule. The parameters that are configurable are:
- Name - The delay in seconds to wait between checking for updates. The default value is every 5 seconds.
- Type - DWORD
- Data - Seconds to wait between cycles.
- From Exchange - Specify the objects to replicate and the Exchange receipient containers.
- From Windows - Specify objects to be synchronized and the containers that will receive objects. The option "Replicate secured Active Directory objects to the Exchange Directory" can be checked and the objects can be filtered using Discretionary Access Control Lists (DACLs).
- Deletion - Use this tab to configure object deletion behavior. When objects are deleted, the deletions are stored in SystemRoot\System32\MSADC\Connection_Agreement_Name\NT5.LDF for Active Directory and SystemRoot\System32\MSADC\Connection_Agreement_Name\Ex55.CSV for Exchange.
- Advanced - Configure "Paged results" configures the quantity of entries to be synchronized for each request. The settings are "Windows Server entries per page" and "Exchange Server entries per page". Checkbox options include "This is a primary Connection Agreement for the connected Exchange organization", and "This is a primary Connection Agreement for the connected Windows Domain". Choices for "When replicating a Mailbox whose Primary Windows Account does not exist in the domain" are:
- Create a Windows Contact
- Create a Disabled Windows User Account
- Create a New Windows User Account
The Administrative tool "Active Directory Connector Management" is used to set up event logging. ADC Event Logging categories:
- None - Only log critical events
- Minimum - Log LDAP session errors, success or failure of added or removed user accounts.
- Medium - Log directory object events and proxy errors.
- Account Management - Events while writing to or deleting an objects.
- Attribute Mapping - Events while attributes are mapped between AD and Exchange.
- Service Controller - Events when the ADC service is stopped or started.
- LDAP Operations - Events when LDAP accesses the directory.