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  1. Introduction
  2. Windows 2000 Professional
  3. Windows 2000 Server
  4. Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  5. Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  6. Application Support
  7. System Operation
  8. Disks and Volumes
  9. Filesystems
  10. Configuration Files
  11. Security
  12. Network Support
  13. Access Management
  14. Processes
  15. AD Structure
  16. AD Objects
  17. AD Object Naming
  18. AD Schema
  19. AD Sites
  20. Domains
  21. AD Functions
  22. AD Replication
  23. DNS
  24. AD Security
  25. AD Installation
  26. AD Configuration
  27. AD Performance
  28. Installation
  29. Installation Options
  30. Unattended Installation
  31. Software Distribution
  32. Remote Installation Service
  33. Language
  34. Accessibility
  35. File Attributes
  36. Shares
  37. Distributed File System
  38. Control Panel
  39. Active Directory Tools
  40. Computer Management Console Tools
  41. MMC Tools
  42. Network Tools
  43. Network Monitor
  44. System Performance Monitoring
  45. Tools
  46. Managing Services
  47. Connections
  48. TCP/IP
  49. DHCP
  50. Printing
  51. Routing
  52. IPSec
  53. ICS
  54. Fault Tolerance
  55. Backup
  56. System Failure
  57. Services
  58. Remote Access
  59. WINS
  60. IIS
  61. Certificate Server
  62. Terminal Services
  63. Web Services
  64. Authentication
  65. Accounts
  66. Permissions
  67. Groups
  68. User Rights and Auditing
  69. Auditing
  70. User Profiles
  71. Policies
  72. Group Policies
  73. Miscellaneous
  74. Terms
  75. Credits

Windows 2000 Connections

The Windows 2000 computer creates one local area connection for each network adaptor card installed.

Connection Types

  • Local area connections - Properties:
    • Clients or services used by the connection.
    • The protocols bound to each client or service (bindings).
    • Provider order specifies the order the bound protocols are used by the client or service when making a connection.
  • Dial-up connections
  • Direct cable connections between two computers
  • Virtual private networking (VPN) connections
  • Connections coming into a computer over a port such as over a modem or infared port.

A high speed connection is considered to be 512Kbps of bandwidth with 128Kbps available.

Modems

Modem Installation tools:

  • Control Panel, "Add/Remove Hardware" applet.
  • Control Panel, "Phone and Modem Options" applet. Tabs:
    • Dialing Rules -
    • Modems - Shows modems and ports they use. Allows addition or removal of modems along with setting properties. Three properties tabs:
      • General - Properties allows modem speaker volume and maximum port speed to be set.
      • Diagnostics - Can set to record log files.
      • Advanced - Can set custom initialization strings.
    • Advanced

Network and Dial-up Connections

Network and dial-up connections are created and configured from the "Network and Dial-up Connections" folder which is accessible from the "Start", "Settings" menu. It us used to create:

  • Internet connections - Internet connection sharing is done so other users on the network can share a connection to the internet. Internet connection sharing causes the computer to become a DHCP server, DNS proxy server and change the IP address of the computer to 192.168.0.1.
  • Connections to remote access servers
  • Direct connections to other computers
  • Set up a computer to allow incoming connections
  • Create VPN connections

Dial-up Connection Properties

Dial-up connections can be set by clicking on the connection in the "Dial-up Connections" folder. It is used to install network clients and services. Tabs include:

  • General - Select the modem or device to use for the connection. Set the phone number and dialing rules. The configure button dialog box includes setting modem maximum speed, protocol, hardware flow control to be set, modem error control to be enabled, modem comptession to be enabled, an initialization script to be run, and the modem speaker to be enabled.
  • Options - Can set to display progress of connection, prompt for name and password, include Windows logon domain, prompt for phone number. Cal also set redialing options including the number of redial attempts, time between attempts, and idle time before hanging up. Can configure X.25 settings for connections to X.25 networks. The Windows logon domain option is for the case when there are several Windows 2000 domains on the network being connected to.
  • Security
  • Networking
  • Sharing - Allows the sharing of internet connections by several computers at one time through the computer being configured. On demand dialing can also be enabled.

Windows 2000 Supported Network Protocols

Protocols installed on Windows 2000 systems are normally available to all connections. Protocols are installed and configured from the "Network and Dial-up Connections" folder.

  • TCP/IP
  • NetBEUI
  • NWLink IPX/SPX - Frame types are Ethernet_II, Ethernet SNAP, Ethernet 802.3 (older), and Ethernet 802.2 (newer). May need to configure to use both 802.2.and 802.3.
  • AppleTalk - Only available for incoming and local area connections.
  • DLC - For connections with older Hewlett Packard printers. This is only available for local area connections.
  • Network Monitor Driver

Several transport protocols listed above may be bound to any number of clients or services. This is called binding. Also the order in which a specific transport protocol is used when making a new connection may be set. This means that the connection may be attempted with one protocol, then if that fails, the next protocol is tried. The order is set for connections on a local area connection on the computer. The settings of the bindings is setting the order in which clients are tried when making the connections. Some of these clients include "Client for Microsoft Networks" and "Client Service for NetWare". These are set in the "Network and Dial-up Connections" folder by selecting "Advanced", and "Advanced Settings".

Available Clients and Services

Client/ServiceDescriptionWindows 2000 ProfessionalWindows Server/Advanced
Client for Microsoft NetworksYesYes
Client Service for NetwareYesNo
Gateway and Client Services for NetwareNoYes
File and Print Sharing for Microsoft NetworksYesYes
FTP ServerYesYes
File Services for MacintoshNoYes
FrontPage 2000 Server ExtensionsAllows web pages to be published on web servers using FrontPageYesYes
Indexing ServiceIndexes documents on hard drives into a database to speed search capabilities.YesYes
Internet Information Service (IIS)YesYes
Message Queuing ServiceAllows distributed applications to communicate to each other on the network.YesYes
Print Services for UNIXYesYes
QOS Packet SchedulerAllows network packet scheduled deliveries. Required for computers using applications managed by QOS Admission Control Service.YesYes
RIP ListenerListens to RIP routing messages.YesNo
SAP AgentAllows advertising and maintenance of services using TCP/IP, IPX/SPC, or NetBEUI protocols.YesYes
Script DebuggerYesYes
SNMPYesYes
Simple TCP/IP ServicesFive TCP/IP Services (Character Generator, quote of day, etc...)YesYes
SMTP ServicesYesYes
Visual InterDev RAD Remote Deployment SupportApplications can be remotely deployed on the Web server.YesYes
World Wide Web ServerYesYes
Certificate ServicesNoYes
Connection Manager ComponentsAllows custom dial-up profiles to be created allowing remote users to connect to the network.NoYes
Internet Authentication Service (IAS)Authenticates users on the network who are dialing in or using VPN.NoYes
Cluster ServiceNoYes
COM Internet Services ProxyLets distributed HTTP applications communicate using IIS over the network.NoYes
DHCPNoYes
Network Load BalancingNoYes
Network Monitor ToolsAllows network monitoring and analysis by capturing and analyzing network packets.NoYes
NNTP ServiceNoYes
Print Services for MacintoshNoYes
QOS Admission Control ServiceQuality of Service allows network bandwidth allocation management.NoYes
Remote Installation Services (RIS)Allows Windows 2000 to be installed remotely.NoYes
Remote StorageNoYes
Site Server ILS ServicesAllows IP multicast conferences to be published on the networkNoYes
Terminal ServicesNoYes
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS)NoYes
Windows Media ServicesMultimedia content can be streamed to users.NoYes

Configuring Services

The Computer Management MMC is used to configure network services. This is done by right clicking "My Computer", selecting "Manage", click the + next to "Services and Applications", and highlight "Services". This starts the Services tool. At this point services can be managed by right clicking on them. They can be stopped, started, paused, resumed, and restarted. Services can be set to have one of the following start up status':

  • Automatic - The service starts when the system boots.
  • Manual - An application can start the service.
  • Disabled - The service can not be started by an application.

A service can be configured to use a particular account when logging onto the system. Service dependencies can be checked.

When a service fails, there are several options that can be set for recovery:

  • Take no action
  • Restart the service
  • Run a file
  • Reboot the computer