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  1. Introduction
  2. Windows 2000 Professional
  3. Windows 2000 Server
  4. Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  5. Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  6. Application Support
  7. System Operation
  8. Disks and Volumes
  9. Filesystems
  10. Configuration Files
  11. Security
  12. Network Support
  13. Access Management
  14. Processes
  15. AD Structure
  16. AD Objects
  17. AD Object Naming
  18. AD Schema
  19. AD Sites
  20. Domains
  21. AD Functions
  22. AD Replication
  23. DNS
  24. AD Security
  25. AD Installation
  26. AD Configuration
  27. AD Performance
  28. Installation
  29. Installation Options
  30. Unattended Installation
  31. Software Distribution
  32. Remote Installation Service
  33. Language
  34. Accessibility
  35. File Attributes
  36. Shares
  37. Distributed File System
  38. Control Panel
  39. Active Directory Tools
  40. Computer Management Console Tools
  41. MMC Tools
  42. Network Tools
  43. Network Monitor
  44. System Performance Monitoring
  45. Tools
  46. Managing Services
  47. Connections
  48. TCP/IP
  49. DHCP
  50. Printing
  51. Routing
  52. IPSec
  53. ICS
  54. Fault Tolerance
  55. Backup
  56. System Failure
  57. Services
  58. Remote Access
  59. WINS
  60. IIS
  61. Certificate Server
  62. Terminal Services
  63. Web Services
  64. Authentication
  65. Accounts
  66. Permissions
  67. Groups
  68. User Rights and Auditing
  69. Auditing
  70. User Profiles
  71. Policies
  72. Group Policies
  73. Miscellaneous
  74. Terms
  75. Credits

Windows 2000 Failure Recovery

Tools used to recover from a system failure:

  • Safe Mode/Startup Options
  • Emergency Repair disk
  • Recovery Console

Safe Mode/Startup Options

Safe mode is used to start the system with minimul programs and drivers in case some of them may be adversely affecting the system. When the system is booting, press F8 to get the option (advanced options menu) to enter safe mode. There are also other startup options which can be used in the case of video problems or if more information about a boot problem is required. These otions are:

  • Safe Mode
  • Safe mode with Networking
  • Safe mode with command prompt - The desktop is not run, but a command prompt is used to run the system.
  • Enable Boot Logging - Logs the results of each attempt to load a driver. This is saved in a file on C:\WINNT\Ntbtlog.txt.
  • Enable VGA Mode
  • Last Known Good Configuration
  • Directory Services Restore Mode
  • Debugging Mode - A serial connection between two machines can be made and information from the server having the problem is sent to the second computer for analysis.

Last Known Good Configuration

When the system is booting, press F8 to get the advanced options menu and select "Last Known Good". The last configuration that was used to successfully boot is used to perform the boot.

Emergency Repair disk

Can be used to restore corrupted or missing system files on a system that will not boot. Only the Backup program can be used to create an emergency repair disk after system installation.

Recovery Console

Used to:

  • Repair the master boot record (MBR) of a disk
  • Manually copy files to the hard drive
  • Stop or start a service.

The recovery console provides command line access to the system, but permissions are enforced. There are two ways to start it:

  • Prior to having trouble, install the recovery console on the computer and place it on the boot menu so it may be selected from the boot loader (Requires Administrator logon). Recovery console installation on boot menu:
    1. Insert the installation CD in the CDROM drive and exit the menu that appears.
    2. Open a command prompt window and change the default drive to the CDROM drive.
    3. Type "cd \i386", and "winnt32 /cmdcons" to run the program and install the recovery console.
    Use of the recovery console:
    • To list available commands, type "help"
    • To get help with specific commands, type "help command".
    • The recovery console uses the same commands as MS-DOS.
  • Boot from the Windows 2000 installation CD and run the recovery console by selecting it on the menu that appears.