Windows 2000 Failure Recovery
Tools used to recover from a system failure:
- Safe Mode/Startup Options
- Emergency Repair disk
- Recovery Console
Safe Mode/Startup Options
Safe mode is used to start the system with minimul programs and drivers in case some of them may be adversely affecting the system. When the system is booting, press F8 to get the option (advanced options menu) to enter safe mode. There are also other startup options which can be used in the case of video problems or if more information about a boot problem is required. These otions are:
- Safe Mode
- Safe mode with Networking
- Safe mode with command prompt - The desktop is not run, but a command prompt is used to run the system.
- Enable Boot Logging - Logs the results of each attempt to load a driver. This is saved in a file on C:\WINNT\Ntbtlog.txt.
- Enable VGA Mode
- Last Known Good Configuration
- Directory Services Restore Mode
- Debugging Mode - A serial connection between two machines can be made and information from the server having the problem is sent to the second computer for analysis.
Last Known Good Configuration
When the system is booting, press F8 to get the advanced options menu and select "Last Known Good". The last configuration that was used to successfully boot is used to perform the boot.
Emergency Repair disk
Can be used to restore corrupted or missing system files on a system that will not boot. Only the Backup program can be used to create an emergency repair disk after system installation.
- Repair the master boot record (MBR) of a disk
- Manually copy files to the hard drive
- Stop or start a service.
The recovery console provides command line access to the system, but permissions are enforced. There are two ways to start it: